Farhan Hassan*
Success and Happiness Experiences

“Life will give you whatever experience is most helpful for the evolution of your consciousness. How do you know this is the experience you need? Because this is the experience you are having at the moment.”  

Eckhart Tolle, (A Canadian spiritual author)

For building our experience, we should first know what type of experience that we have then utilize the best way to enhance it by practicing a direct and indirect new work leads to new formation of experiences in different life situations as  that will support us in our way to success and happiness.

There are many theories and models demonstrate and help in thisapproach, we chose three of famous models:

1. Dale’s Cone

2. Kolb experiential learning model

3. Bruner’s theory 

Dale’s Cone

Dale’s Cone of Experience is a visual model that is composed of eleven phases starting from concrete experiences at the bottom of the cone then it becomes more and more abstract as it reach the top of the cone. According to Mr. Dale, “The arrangement in the cone is not based on its difficulty but, on abstraction and on the number of senses involved”. The experiences in each phase can be mixed and are connected that raises more meaningful learning.

Below are the levels of the cone experiences as below:

Enactive – direct experiences

• Direct, Purposeful

• Contrived 

• Dramatized 

Iconic – pictorial experiences 

• Demonstrations 

• Study trips 

• Exhibits 

• Educational television 

• Motion pictures

• Recordings, radio, still pictures 

Symbolic – highly abstract experiences 

• Visual symbols 

• Verbal symbols

In his, cone Mr. Dale mentioned that what our memory would keep after two weeks only :

• READ = 10% [Read Text].

• HEAR= 20% [Listen to Lecture ].

• SEE= 30% [Watch still  and moving pictures].

• SEE& HEAR= 50% [View exhibit, watch demonstration]

• SAY= 70% [Participate in workshops and Role-play a situation].

• SAY &Do = 90% [Model or Simulate a Real , Direct Purposeful Experiences -Go through the real experience]

Dale's cone is one of the most important theoretical foundations. As make a connection between concrete and abstract ideas, which is one of the main principles of learning. 

Kolb experiential learning model

Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory defines as the procedure whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience.  Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory contain a cycle of four components:

• Concrete Experience

• Reflective Observation

• Abstract Conceptualization

• Active Experimentation

Kolb's learning styles

Explained based on two dimensions:

• How a person understands?

• How processes the information? 

Then classified as concrete experience or abstract conceptualization, and processed information as active experimentation or reflective observation. 

• Diverging:

People of this kind of learning style prefer watching than doing, with strong imagination capacity, emotional, strong in arts, prefer to work in team, open minded for feedback and interested in different cultures and people. Here it is a concrete experience and reflective observation. 

• Assimilating: 

This kind of learning style prefer good clear information then logically format the information and exploring analytic models. More interested in concepts and abstracts than in people. Features of abstract conceptualization and reflective observation. 

• Converging: 

They apply their learning to practical issues solve problems prefer technical tasks, and experiment the new ideas with unemotional way. This related to abstract conceptualization and active experimentation

• Accommodating:

People of this learning styles prefer practical way looking for new challenges and solve problems intuitively.

This indicate the concrete experience and active experimentation.

Bruner’s theory

It is a combination of experience cone and Jerome Bruner division of the basic experience necessary in communication and understanding:

• Enactive representation -Action 

Involves the learner's actual practice so the concepts they have are realistic and have integrated dimensions.

• Iconic representation -Image.

This style by means of his vision of the movies or pictures. It is visual and intellectual concepts.

• Symbolic representation-Language.

Through listening to abstract words or seeing words that do not have the characteristics of what they are indicative of.

Farhan Hassan

‏E-mail :fhshasn@gmail.com

Twitter: @farhan_939

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