Farhan Al Shammari*
LEARNING STYLE, MCCARTHY MODEL- 4MAT

4MAT is a 4-dimension, sequential instructional model based on two theoretical constructs Kolb's model of learning styles and the concept of brain hemisphericity. 

The model, developed by B. McCarthy (1987) is derived by interacting each of Kolb's four quadrants with both left and right brain. 

4MAT provides a common language for understanding the way individuals and groups move through the process of experiencing, assimilating, acting upon and integrating knowledge.



For real learning to take place, all parts of the learning cycle must be addressed, starting from one and moving around to four, answering the key question of each style:

1. Why? (35%)

Learns by seeking meaning. Lives life as it is . . . and then compares with reality and identifies the differences. A "Why?" person will ask "How can I use this?". Trainer's role is Motivator.

2. What? (22%)

Learns by thinking through ideas. Seeks facts and needs to know what the experts think - has an idea then reflects on it. A "What?" person will ask "What are the facts?". Trainer's role is Teacher.

3. How? (18%)

Learns by testing theories. Starts with an idea and then test it. Needs to know how things work and seeks usability. A "How?" person will ask "How does this work?". Trainer's role is Coach.

4. So What? (IF) (25%)

Learns by trial and error and seeks hidden possibilities. Reflects on it and engages in self-discovery. A "So What?" person will ask "Where can I apply it?". Trainer's role is Colleague in Discovery.


While traditional instruction may focus primarily on facts and Information, (What?) the 4MAT model encourages a broader array of questions to elicit much higher levels of student understanding and involvement.


The Trainer’s roles will change as they move through the 4MAT Learning Cycle. They are more active in the first two quadrants of learning as the goal is to engage students in dialog and discussion then; the learner takes over in the last two quadrants, where they must apply learning in real life situations or contexts.

4MAT is a model for creating more dynamic and engaging learning, as in today’s world, In social life has become more complicated due to new technologies and communication instruments, as of that we should have gained the habit of lifelong learning.





Farhan Hassan Al Shammari

Twitter: @farhan_939

E-mail: fhshasn@gmail.com


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