Arab-European relations are deeply rooted in history thanks to the close distance between them and sharing of the Mediterranean Sea basin, in addition to the political and economic factors that crystallized more after the First World War and the broader involvement of many European countries in the Arab affair.
The importance of the Arab-European Summit in Egypt's Sharm El-Sheikh is due to the many vital files of interest to both sides at the political, economic and developmental levels, foremost of which are security, migration, economic development and all issues related to regional stability, as well as the concerted Arab-European efforts in the face of existing political and security challenges that threaten stability.
Discussions focus on three main issues: economic cooperation between Europe and the Arab countries, international challenges and regional issues. They also include trade and investment in the Mediterranean Sea basin and educational and social issues. Besides, enhancing cooperation and communication between the EU members and the Arab League (AL) member states can lead to improved prosperity and stability in the two regions and a meaningful dialogue between the two entities.
The summit receives the special attention of the EU, especially with the decline of the US involvement in the region which China and Russia are trying to win, "a matter that is not necessarily in our favor", according to an EU source.
The summit is given a particular importance because of the Arab participation, topped by the participation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with a delegation headed by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
The Kingdom establishes very good relations with the European countries through its balanced relations and political, economic and development insight, in addition to its efforts to combat international terrorism in all its forms, as the Kingdom enjoys an extensive experience needed by the Europeans to address the transcontinental extremist terrorist ideology.