Riyadh - SPA
Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) issues statement

Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) issued a statement regarding allegation that Coalition forces targeted (Souq Al-Thabet) in the directorate of (Qatabir) in (Sa'ada) governorate on (29/07/2019)

With regard to the statement of the Office of the Resident Coordinator and the Humanitarian Coordinator of the United Nations in Yemen issued on (30/07/2019), titled (Children among tens of civilians killed and wounded following an attack on a market in Saada), where tens of people were killed and injured on (29/07/2019) following an attack on (Souq Al-Thabet) in (Qatabir) directorate of (Sa'ada) governorate, initial reports from the local authorities indicated that (14) people were killed, including (4) children, and (26) others were injured including (14) children.

JIAT vetted the incident, and reviewed all documents, including procedures and Rules Of Engagement, Daily Mission Schedule, After Mission Report, satellite images, video recordings, open sources, provisions and principles of the International Humanitarian Law and customary rules.

After assessment of evidences, and by reviewing the daily mission schedule for the day of the claim (29/07/2019), JIAT found that the Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in the directorate of (Qatabir). The closest air mission carried out by the Coalition Forces was on a military target (150) km away from the position of the claim (Al-Thabet Souq).

By studying the photographic images of the location, JIAT found that there was visible damages to the market of the claim, which was confirmed by the open sources and witness testimony at the scene of the incident, which stated that Al-Houthi armed militia targeted (Al-Thabet Souq) with (mortar shells) and (Katyusha rockets), in addition to what was stated by one of Al-Thabit sheikhs in an interview with a news channel that the Al-Houthi armed militia targeted (Al-Thabet Souq) with (mortar shells) and (Katyusha rockets).

In light of that, JIAT found that Coalition Forces did not target (Souq Al-Thabet) in (Sa'ada) governorate as stated in the claim.

A statement issued by the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) regarding the claim that Coalition Forces bombed a civilian house in the residential neighborhood of (Raqqas) in the capital (Sana'a) on (16/05/2019)

With regard to what JIAT monitored in some media reports that on (16/05/2019) the Coalition Forces targeted a residential neighborhood in the city of (Sana'a), causing the death and injury of a number of civilians and the destruction of residential buildings, and to what was referred to JIAT by the Coalition Forces considering the possibility of an accidental incident in an operational mission that was carried out on Thursday (16/05/2019), in the capital city of (Sana'a).

JIAT vetted the incident, and reviewed all documents, including procedures and Rules Of Engagement, Daily Mission Schedule, After Mission Report, satellite, aerial and photographic images, video recordings of the mission, open sources, and interviews with those involved in planning and mission implementation, provisions and principles of International Humanitarian Law and its customary rules.

After the assessment of evidences, JIAT found that based on intelligence information received by the Coalition Forces of a specific location belonging to Al-Houthi armed militia, and is used to support the war effort, which is a multi-storey building located north of (Sana'a) city in an isolated location, and is about (300) meters away from the closest civilian object.

With the availability of verification (intelligence information) based on customary rule 16 of customary international humanitarian law, at (8:15) am on Thursday (16/5l2019), Coalition Forces conducted an aerial mission on the military target using two guided bombs, the first bomb hit its target, while the second bomb did not hit the target, the air crew could not spot where it fell.

By studying the planning stages of the mission, JIAT found that the task was within the pre-planned task, which means the availability of full planning, and the planners took into account several factors including the targeting angle of attack, type of ammunition, timing and the type of the target to be targeted.

JIAT also studied the stages of implementation, and analyzed satellite and reconnaissance images, video recordings of the task carried out, and what was highlighted by the various media reports and found the following:

By reviewing the video recordings of the executed task, JIAT found that the target area is free of individuals movement.

2.The targeting designation Pod for the first bomb was directed to the specified military target before and during the targeting, where the bomb directly hit the target.

3.The targeting designation Pod for the second bomb was directed at the specified military target before and during the targeting.

4.The air crew could not spot the second bomb impact point, although the targeting designation Pod was aimed on its specified target, which concludes that the defect was in the second bomb. knowing that the bomb did not fall on its target, the air crew decided to stop the targeting.

5.The air crew also conducted a post-targeting assessment (BDA), and photographed the target area and was unable to determine the location where the bomb fell.

By analyzing satellite and reconnaissance images, JIAT found:

A. The military target is located in an isolated area away from civilian objects.

B. Damages to the military target as a result of an aerial targeting from the first bomb.

C. Damages to several buildings which are not close to each other and in different places, and partial effects which are inconsistent at the claimed location about (2500) meters away from the military target.

By analyzing Aerial and photographic pictures and open sources images by specialists, JIAT found that the size of the damage in the buildings (of the claim) does not reflect the impact of aerial targeting with one bomb, the effect of a single bomb is limited to the surrounding of the point of impact, while the Aerial and photographic and open sources images showed damages to several buildings which are not close to each other and even in different places, and partial effects which are inconsistent with the effects of a single bomb.

Based on the above JIAT found the following:

A. The timing of the claim corresponds to the timing of the task performed.

B. The location of the claim was in the vicinity of the course of the attack.

C. The second bomb did not fall on the military target.

D. The executing air crew was unable to determine where the second bomb fell.

E. The executing air crew decided to stop completing their mission after it was proved that the second bomb did not hit its target.

F. The procedures followed by the executing air crew were correct.

In light of that, JIAT reached the following:

a. The actions taken by Coalition Forces in targeting the legitimate military target were correct and in accordance with the International Humanitarian Law and its customary rules.

B. JIAT see that it is likely that the second bomb fell on the site of the claim, which is about (2500) meters away from the military target, due to a technical defect.

JIAT recommends that:

1. The Coalition States provide assistance for human and material losses, as a result of a bomb likely to have accidently fell away from the legitimate military target.

2. Coalition Forces study the reasons why the guided bomb does not fall on its target, and address it to ensure that it will not be repeated in the future.

A statement issued by the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) regarding the claim that Coalition Forces targeted (tents in Al-Khamis Market) in the directorate of (Khub) in (Al-Jawf) governorate on (17/07/2015).

With regard to what JIAT monitored in some media reports that on (17/07/2015) Coalition Forces bombed tents in a specific coordinates in (Al-Khamis) area of (Al-Jawf) governorate, killing (4) people.

The JIAT vetted the incident, and reviewed all documents, including procedures and Rules Of Engagement, Daily Mission Schedule, After Mission Report, satellite images, open sources, provisions and principles of International Humanitarian Law and its customary rules.

After assessment of evidences, JIAT found that Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in the claimed area, and the closest mission Coalition Forces conducted on (17/07/2015) was (60) km away from (Al-Khamis) area on a military target (Al-Houthi armed militia fighters) using one guided bomb that hit its target.

After studying the daily mission schedule for the previous and after day of the claim, JIAT found the following:

1. On (16/07/2015), the day before the date of the claim, Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in the clamed area, and that the closest mission Coalition Forces conducted was on a military target using a guided bomb that hit its target (60) km away from the claimed position.

2. On (18/07/2015), the day after the date of the claim, Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in (Al-Jawf) governorate.

By studying and analyzing aerial photographs of the claimed site, JIAT found that the position of the claim is located on an unpaved road in a valley with no residential buildings or tents, with no signs of any air bombing to be seen.

In light of that, JIAT found that Coalition Forces did not target (tents in Al-Khamis Market) area on Thursday (17/7/2015) as claimed.

tatement issued by the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) on the claim that Coalition Forces targeted medical facility in (Sha'ara) in (Sa'ada) governorate on (10/01/2016)

With regard to the statement of the Secretary-General of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) that at (9:20) am on Sunday (10/01/2016), one of the medical facilities supported by MSF in (Sha'ara) in (Sa'ada) governorate was targeted, causing the death of (5) people and wounding at least (8) others, and the attack caused damages to the building of the medical center.

The JIAT vetted the incident, and reviewed all documents, including procedures and Rules Of Engagement, Daily Mission Schedule, After Mission Report, satellite images, coalitions operational and intelligence reports, Coalitions Artillery tasks, the information and photos provided by (MSF) about this unfortunate incident, provisions and principles of International Humanitarian Law and its customary rules.

After assessment of evidences, JIAT found that on Sunday (10/01/2016), there were no aerial missions conducted in the location around the medical center in (Sha'ara) in (Sa'ada) governorate, and the closest targeting was about (17) km away from the medical facility.

By analysis of the aerial and satellite images of the site as well as the (MSF) photographs of the medical facility after the targeting shows that the effects of the damage to the medical facility does not commensurate with the impact of aerial targeting.

After studying of all the operational tasks of the Coalition land Forces, JIAT found that on Sunday (10/01/2016) at (8:50)am, Coalition Forces units came under fire from a mortar post belonging to the Al-Huthi armed militia.

An artillery unit from the Coalition Forces dealt with the source of the fire (mortar), located about (1700) meters away from the medical facility, and about (8) KM from the international border of Saudi Arabia.

By studying the location of Al Huthi armed militia sources of fire (date and area of the claim) and the operational situation at the claimed area at that date JIAT found:

1. The medical facility is in the Coalition Forces No Strike List (NSL), and it is an old stone bricks building.

2. The area was a battlefield of artillery weapons between the Coalition Forces and Al-Hothi armed militia, about (188) projectiles where fired by Al-Huthi armed militia on locations inside Saudi Arabia lands before and during the incident.

In light of that, and after studying documents and photographs, interviewing Coalition Forces and (MSF) personnel, comparing the timing of the incident with the firing registers of Coalition Artillery units, , JIAT founds that due to the presence of the fire sources of Al-Huthi armed militia near and around the Medical facility, one of the Coalition Forces artillery shells fell on the medical center while dealing with Al-Huthi armed militia fire sources, and sees it is appropriate for the Coalition States to give voluntary assistance for the human losses and material damages.

A statement issued by the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT) regarding the aclaim that Coalition Forces bombed fishermen's boat in (Sira) village of (Zinjibar) district in (Abyan) governorate, on (12/08/2015).

With regard to the sixth report issued by the National Commission for Investigation of Allegations of Human Rights Violations during the period (01/08/2018) to (31/01/2019), that at (5:00) am on (12/08/2015) a fighter plane launched two rockets on a fishing boat near the village of (Sira) in (Al-Sheikh Salem) area of (Zinjibar) district in (Abyan) governorate at a specific location, resulting in the destruction of the boat and the death of three people on board.

JIAT vetted the incident, and reviewed all documents, including procedures and Rules Of Engagement, Daily Mission Schedule, After Mission Report, video recordings, satellite images, open sources, provisions and principles of International Humanitarian Law and its customary rules, and assessment of evidences.

JIAT found that on (12/08/2015) Coalition Forces did not carry out any aerial missions in the claimed area, and that the closest mission Coalition Forces conducted was (90) km away from the claimed site.

After studying the daily mission schedule for the previous and after day of the claim, JIAT found the following:

1. On (11/08/2015), the day before the date of the claim, Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in the clamed area, and that the closest aerial mission conducted was (90) km away from the claimed site.

2. On (13/08/2015), the day after the date of the claim, Coalition Forces did not carry out any air missions in the claimed area, and that the closest aerial mission conducted was (91) km away from the claimed site.

In light of that, JIAT found that Coalition Forces did not target a (fishermen's boat) on (12/08/2015) in (Sira) village near the village of (Al-Sheikh Salem) of (Zinjibar) district in (Abyan) governorate as stated in the claim.

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