Iran’s menacing missile program remains a threat to Middle East security
Iran’s agreement with a group of world powers in 2015 may have stunted Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, but has failed to hold back its ballistic missile program that threatens the security and stability of the Middle East. On the contrary, Iran has only strengthened its missile program, conducting more than 20 tests since the nuclear deal, in total defiance of Western pressure and disregard for the UN Security Council Resolution 2231.
Moreover, Tehran has increased the range and accuracy of its ballistic missiles. There are reports that Iran is currently transferring its expertise to its affiliated groups, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Shiite militias in Iraq, and Houthis in Yemen.
US President Donald Trump made it clear that curbing Iran's ballistic missile program is a prerequisite to keep the nuclear deal afloat. The US administration has held several rounds of talks with European countries to find ways of pressurizing Iran into dropping its missile program or take punitive measures against it. Although European countries do not approve the US actions, they share a common concern with Washington about the risks posed by Iran's missile program and the urgent need to address the problem.
The location of the Group, which is the largest in the Iranian missile industry
The US national security administration feels the EU should increase its efforts to stop the expansion of Iran's missile program. Last year, the US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on more than 60 figures and foundations supporting Iran's missile program. But the European Union has not taken any serious steps in this regard. This why it is important that the US administration exerts more efforts to convince European countries of the dangers posed by the Iranian missiles. Washington alone may not be able to rein in Iran and alleviate these risks.
On December 14, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikky Haley condemned Iran for its export of missiles and illegal weapons to the Houthis in Yemen. Around this time, the Iranian resistance within the mullah regime obtained information supporting what Halley had said. In a report, it cast more light on the role of the mullah regime in exporting missiles and weapons to the countries of the region.
According to the report, the Aerospace Industries Organization affiliated to Iran’s Revolutionary Guards manufactures various types of missiles, including those called Qaim and Tufan. The report also cited various entities that manufacture such weapons, including, the Hima Group, Martyr Bagheri Group, and the Ya Mahdi Industrial Group. It also exposed the illegal export of weapons to Yemen.
Qaim and Tufan
Qaim is similar in design to the Scud missile known in Iran as the Shihab 2. It is a ballistic missile that uses liquid fuel. It is manufactured and assembled by the Hemmat industrial Group. But parts of this missile are manufactured by Baqri, Bakry and Ya-Mahdi industrial groups.
The Iranian regime had previously purchased Scud-C missiles from North Korea. Iran soon began manufacturing them with the assistance of North Korean experts. It was later renamed Shahab-2.
The Qaim missile is a developed model of Shahab-2 missile, with an increased range of 800 kms, up from 500 kms. It was first announced in 2012.
According to the estimates of some missile experts affiliated to the Iranian regime, while the Shahab-2 missile, which has a range of 500 kms, was later developed to be Shahab-3 with a range of about 1,300 km. The regime has manufactured these long-range missiles to target positions inside Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
The Tufan missile is a copy of the Tao missile manufactured at the Ya-Mahdi Industrial Group.
A part of the Baqri Industrial Group at the Parchin site
Shahid Industrial Group
The pieces of missiles displayed during Haley’s press conference last December, clearly showed markings that indicated it was manufactured by the Shahid Industrial Group, the largest missile manufacturing group in Iran's aerospace industry. The Group manufactures various ballistic missiles with liquid fuel such as Shahab-1, 2 and 3 along with other missiles, including Al-Qadr. The production sites of this Group are located in the Khojir area, east of Tehran.
The Group consists of eight technical divisions to build different ballistic missile parts: Nuri Industrial, code 8500, production of warheads; Mowahhid Industrial, code 7500, production of body and final assembly; Ramini Industrial, code 6000, production of guidance and control systems; Restokar Industrial, code 4500, engine production unit; Graghy Industrial, code 3000, fuel production; Creemy Industrial, code 2500, Line of Fire series; Kulhur Industrial, code 1500, production of rocket launchers; and Amir Al- Mu’minin Industrial, research center.
Aerospace and Industries Organization
This organization is responsible for the production of the regime’s missiles, including ballistic, cruise and anti-tank missiles. It is located at Nubniad Squar, northern Tehran, near the Ministry of Defense and Institution of Defense Innovation and Research.
It comprises eight missile manufacturing groups:
The Hemmat Industrial Group is the largest group of the missile industry. It manufactures Shahab-3 missiles and missile liquid-fuel. Its command center and its factories are located in eastern Tehran in the Khojir area.
The factory site of the Group in the Iranian capital
Baqri Industrial Group is engaged in manufacturing various missiles, including those operated with solid fuel. It is also located in the Khojir area.
The Ya-Mahdi Industries Group produces a variety of anti-tank, armored missiles and smaller missiles as well as a number of centrifuge parts. A number of its factories are located on the Karaj road towards the city of Caspian.
The Cruise Industrial Group manufactures cruise missiles. Its main plants are located in the Khoji complex.
The Air Defense Industrial Group produces surface-to-air missiles and anti-aircraft missiles. Its main factories are located in the Parchin complex.
The Accessories Industries Group manufactures missile launchers and other equipment related to the missiles industry. It is located north of Damawand Highway, Tello crossroad.
The Sinam Industrial Group is also known as the Electrical-Mechanical Group. It produces materials and equipment for the missile industry under the guise of home accessories, washing machines and televisions. It is headquartered in Parchin.
The Fajr Industrial Group works in the field of electronics and guidance systems, including navigation systems. Its headquarters is located in the north of Tehran.
Oldest missile factory
The missile, manufactured from the steel branded Qaim, carries the logo of the
Shahid Bakeri Industrial Group with the abbreviation, SBIG. It is one of the oldest missile manufacturers affiliated to the Revolutionary Guards and the Ministry of Defense.
According to reports, Hassan Tahrani was one of the leaders of Iran's Revolutionary Guards and the chief engineer of the regime's missile system. He was killed by a shell explosion at the military site, Mudarras, near Tehran, in 2011. He directed these factories to assemble Shihab 3.
The Bajri Industrial Group is a subsidiary of the Shahid Ahmed Kazemi Industries Group or Aerospace and Industries Organization. It produces various types of small-scale missiles and surface-to-surface missiles, namely Fajr 1, 2, 3 and Al-Falaq 1 and 2. The Revolutionary Guard passed on these missiles to terrorist groups like Hezbollah. The plant also manufactures ballistic missile parts, including missile Qaim.
Another factory of the Group in Tehran, operating under the cover of designing and manufacturing machines for the production and printing cartons
The Baqri Industrial Group has three factories in three different locations:
A division of the Baqri Industrial Group is located at the site of Parchin and at the Air Defense Complex named “Parchin 10”.
Another plant affiliated to Baqri Industrial Group is located in Tehran, near the Spanta plants at Shahid Baqri Street, 9 kms from the Fatah highway. As a cover, this plant manufactures parts and systems of power plants and a variety of “high pressure industrial valves, high pressure pumps and pressure vessels.” Room No. 15 of this plant was the site of the final Shihab missile assembly in 1997.
Yet another factory affiliated to the Baqri Group is located in Tehran, 17 kms from Karaj Road, opposite Darobkhash Street. The real activities of this plant are manufacturing missile components.
The Ya Mahdi Group manufactures the Tufan missile. It is a copy of the US-manufactured Tao missiles. It also manufactures various types of anti-tank and armor missiles and small missiles. This industrial group has grinding machines which enables it to produce centrifuge components. The group's headquarters and some of its factories are located in the northeastern part of Tehran. One of its factories is located amidst the mountains on the north side of the Karej-Qazvin highway.
The Group's headquarters and a number of its factories are located in the northeastern part of Tehran
Houthis targeting Saudi cities
All missile strikes against Saudi cities by the Houthi militias in Yemen were carried out under the direct orders of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. According to reports obtained by the Iranian Resistance from sources within the Iranian regime, particularly the Revolutionary Guard, these missiles were manufactured at factories affiliated to the Aerospace Industries Organization. According to these sources, the Houthis received training from the Revolutionary Guard and the Lebanese Hezbollah militia on how to use these missiles.
At a press conference held in the British Parliament on March 8, 2017, the Iranian Resistance revealed that the Iranian Revolutionary Guard had established a large number of front companies through which the ammunition was transferred to the mercenaries of the regime, including those in Yemen.
The People's Mujahideen Organization of Iran has identified several shipping companies that smuggle weapons, especially to Yemen. According to reports, these companies had previously smuggled weapons to Yemen directly, but after the closure of direct sea routes to Yemen in 2015, they used other ports in the region.
One of the factories on the north side of the Karaj-Qazvin highway
Among these companies is Al-Fajr that is a subsidiary of the Khatam Al-Anbiya Construction Company. It provides cargo services to Iran's Revolutionary Guards to smuggle or transport goods. The company's ships do not fly the Iranian flag to avoid identification or suspicion. More recently, the company has publicly and officially transferred its rights of shipping containers to Hafez Daria Shipping Company, but it has maintained its secret activities.
The specifications of the ships and boats belonging to this company are essentially the same as those of the vessels belonging to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. They include Iran Hormuz 12 and Iran Hormuz 14, along with container liner operators, Iran Hormuz 25, Iran Shalamjah and Iran Shahid. They are all similar to the ships of Iran's Revolutionary Guard.
The US ambassador to the United Nations displays the wreckage of an Iranian missile fired at Riyadh