Riyadh - SPA
Coalition Forces have always been consistent in their air attacks with international law in Yemen

Spokesman for the Joint Accidents Assessment Team, in Yemen, Legal Advisor Mansour bin Ahmed Al-Mansour confirmed that the Arab Coalition Forces for the Restoration of Legitimacy, in Yemen, have always been consistent in their air attacks with international humanitarian law.

Speaking at a news conference held today at King Salman airbase in Riyadh, he said that coalition forces had retreated from targeting a site because of the presence of civilians there, indicating that the Houthi militia had taken over a group of civilian buildings, which made targeting legitimate.

It nevertheless took into account that its strikes were accurate and sound, so as to spare civilians and properties any consequences of its strikes.

Al-Mansour said: "The Joint Accident Assessment Team reviewed the report of Amnesty International on 11/25/2015, including the exposure of the Shaina Educational Complex for Girls in Al-Hadidiya, Hodeida Province, to an aerial bombardment on April 8, 2015, with two individuals were where the Joint Team verified the incident.

The actions taken by the Allied Air Force in dealing with military targets (civilian objects) were used for military purposes in accordance with the provisions of international humanitarian law and customary rules.

Al-Mansour pointed to the report of the Human Rights Watch, dated November 2015, which included the coalition forces on 30 August 2015 launched an air strike which destroyed the water filling plant in the province of Hajjah, killing 14 workers and wounding 11 others were about to finish their night shift.

He explained that after the incident was verified by the Joint Accident Assessment Team, it was found that, based on intelligence information, a nearby air support mission was carried out in Hajjah governorate, where mobile antipersonnel was parked close to the factory.

Because of the weather conditions of the presence of some clouds in the target area, deviated the bomb which led to its falling on the factory, causing the destruction and the occurrence of some deaths and injuries, he said.

The Panel found that the coalition forces had targeted a legitimate military target (ground-based antipersonnel) and for reasons beyond the will (compulsive), the bomb went off course and landed on the factory unintentionally, explaining that civil protection had fallen from the factory after being used as a military site, he stated.


The spokesman said that the joint accident assessment team reviewed the report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Yemen presented, at the 30th session of the Human Rights Council on 7/9/2015 that the coalition forces targeted Al Yamani Dairy and Beverage Factory directly in four raids Air strike on 31/3/2015, killing at least 20 people and injuring 59 others.

The Panel verified the incident and after the joint team had been informed of all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission and the evidence assessment, the Panel found that, at 11:30 pm on 31 March 2015, intelligence agency carried out an air mission in the city of Hodeida by shelling the building of a command and control center under the control of the ousted forces of Saleh, using two bombs.

The military target was 200 meters away from the factory, this is a safe distance to avoid hitting nearby civilian objects, between the military building and the mosque.

He stated that the team had received credible information that the armed Houthi militia had threatened one of the commercial groups in order to secure large intrusions and that if they refused, we would bomb the factory, similar to what was done with the Yemeni Dairy and Beverage Factory.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team did not establish that the Allied Air Force bombed the Yamani dairy and beverage factory and that its procedures in dealing with the military objective (Command and Control Center) were correct in accordance with the provisions of international humanitarian law and rules Customary, the statement concluded.

Al-Mansour said, "Regarding the report issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on 4/8/2016 entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen" concerning the Coalition Forces' air raid and bombing of (Dar Al-Nour Center for the Care and Rehabilitation of the Blind) in the district of Safia in the city of Sana'a on 5/1/2016, resulting in the injury of three civilians.

He added, "The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident, and after the joint team had seen all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the Joint Team found that intelligence had been received that the Houthi armed militia had seized Dar al-Nour for the care and rehabilitation of the blind in the city of Sana'a, after the evacuation of its inhabitants and taking it as the headquarters of their forces in support of the war effort, and thus lost legal protection, becoming a legitimate military target whose targeting achieves military advantage. Consequently, the coalition forces on Tuesday, 24 Rabai'a Alawal 1437 AH corresponding to 5/1/2016 H, bombed the headquarters using a an accurate guided bomb.


In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the integrity of the procedures followed by the Coalition Forces in accordance with international humanitarian law and its customary rules.

In relation to the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, dated 4 August 2016 entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which included the coalition air force's bombing of a judge's house in al-Nahda neighborhood on the outskirts of Sanaa on 24 January 2016 which resulted in the killing of the judge and seven members of his family, and the destruction of eight neighboring houses.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident and, after reviewing all the documents including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the team found that based on intelligence that there was a Huthi leadership gathering at the house of a Houthi leader, and thus it lost legal protection and became a military objective of a high value and achieves military advantage. Consequently, on the evening of Sunday 14 Rabai'a Althani 1437 H. corresponding to 24/1/2016 G., the coalition forces bombed the assembly area at the front of the building with high precision.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team found that the houses adjacent to the targeted building were not damaged and that the damage in the target building did not exceed 30%.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the integrity of the procedures followed by the Coalition Forces in accordance with international humanitarian law and its customary rules.

The Spokesman for the Accident Assessment Team in Yemen said that, with regard to the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, dated 4 August 2016 entitled "The Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which included the exposure of Al-Zahra University in Sana'a to an air strike which was launched by the coalition forces on 16/7/2015, resulting in the death of one child, the wounding of five civilians and structural damage to the university buildings and (11) nearby houses, and the University of Saba near the site suffered structural damage partially.


He added that the joint team investigated the occurrence of the incident and after reviewing all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the assessment of the evidence, the team found that based on intelligence that Houthi armed militia used a building as a storage facility for arms and ammunition, a building under construction at which work stopped since the year (2011) and thus legal protection did not cover it, as it became a legitimate military target whose targeting achieves a military advantage. Consequently, the coalition forces on Thursday, 29 Ramadan 1436 H corresponding to (16/7/2015) targeted this storage facility, but because of a purely technical error, a bomb fell on a facility (Saba University) Building (3), which led to being damaged, in addition to some of the houses opposite to the wall of the facility.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team, after checking and referencing aerial photographs, intelligence and some other sources, found that there was no university called Al-Zahra University in Sana'a. There is a mosque called Al-Zahraa, which close to the University of Sheba, and was not damaged.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the integrity of the procedures used by the Coalition Forces to target the arms and ammunition store in accordance with international humanitarian law and customary rules. The Joint Team believes that Coalition Forces should provide appropriate humanitarian assistance for unintentional error caused by a technical defect in aircraft systems.

Al-Mansour said, "Regarding the report issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on 4/8/2016 entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which included the bombing by the coalition forces of Al-Hayat Medical Center in Saqeen Directorate in Saadah province on 15/1/2016, which led to the destruction of it completely without the fall of any victims. Médecins Sans Frontières made it clear that it informed the parties to the conflict about the location of the medical center.

He added that Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident and, after reviewing all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the Joint Team found that, based on intelligence information that the Houthi armed militia had seized a building in Saqeen Directorate in Saadah province, which was previously used as a building of the Al-Hayat Medical Center, before being converted into a military barracks. Consequently, it lost legal protection. It became a legitimate military target whose targeting achieves a military advantage. On Friday, (5 Rabi 'al-Akhir 1437 AH, corresponding to 15/1/2016) the coalition air force targeted the building as a military barracks.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team found that the damage to the building did not exceed 30%.



In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the accuracy and integrity of the procedures followed by the Coalition Forces in accordance with international humanitarian law and its customary rules.

Al-Mansour said, "Regarding the report issued by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on 4/8/2016 entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which stated that on 8/8/2016, Alqadisiah School in the directorate of Hais in the Hodaidah Governorate was exposed to a direct air strike which caused structural damage, and it was not clear for the commission that there were any military targets in the vicinity of the school.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident, and after the joint team had seen all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the joint team found that intelligence had been received about the presence of armed Houthi groupings in three locations preparing to launch an attack on the province of Taez and the situation requires their bombings immediately. On the morning of Friday at 7:00 on 22 Shawwal 1436 AH (7/8/15 G.), the Coalition Air Forces bombed a building previously used as a school under the name of Alqadisiah School before it was taken over by the armed militia Houthi that transformed it to a headquarters for them, and which represents a legitimate military objective that has lost legal protection (civilian objects) for its effective contribution to support the war effort and whose destruction achieves a military advantage.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team also notes that, after viewing the aerial photographs, it was found that the damage to the building did not exceed 40%.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the integrity of the procedures followed by the Coalition Air Force in conformity with international humanitarian law and its customary rules.

Al-Mansour said, "Regarding the report issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on 4/8/2016 entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which included the bombing of the Teachers' Syndicate Office on 18/8/15 in the city of Amran in the governorate of Amran, killing 21 civilians and injuring 28.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident, and after the joint team had seen all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the joint team found that on 18 August 2015, intelligence had been received by the coalition forces on the presence of Houthi leaders in a building in the city of Amran. On Tuesday, 3 Thu Alqia'dah 1436 H. corresponding to 18/8/2015 G., the coalition forces bombed the building, which later turned out to be used in the past as Teachers' Syndicate Office and thus lost legal protection and became a legitimate military target whose targeting achieves a military advantage because it was exploited for military purposes by armed Houthi leaders.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team has established the integrity of the procedures followed by the Coalition Forces in accordance with international humanitarian law and its customary rules.

Al-Mansour said, "Regarding the report issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on 4 August 2016, entitled "Situation of Human Rights in Yemen", which stated that the Coalition Air Force bombed a house in a residential neighborhood in Makiras district on 1/9/2015, causing the deaths of (11) civilians.

The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident, and after the joint team had seen all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the Joint Team found that on the same claimed day, the CAF carried out four air support missions for the forces of the legitimate government. Four targets in the vicinity of the Directorate of Mkiras were bombed and they all were legitimate military targets, noting that all the targets bombed by the coalition air forces on that date were outside the urban scope of the Directorate of Mkiras, and the nearest target of the coalition air force was away from the city of Mkiras by a distance of (2) kilometers, a safe distance to avoid damage to civilian objects.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team found that coalition forces did not bomb any residential neighborhoods in the Mkiras Directorate and that the procedures followed by the Coalition Forces were consistent with international humanitarian law and customary rules.

Al-Mansour said, "As regards the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued on 4 August 2016 entitled" Situation of Human Rights in Yemen ", which stated that on 22 September 2015, coalition forces' air raids caused the deaths of 19 civilians and the injuries of another 15 in the Sabain neighborhood of Sana'a. According to eyewitnesses interviewed by UNHCR, two air raids hit two houses adjacent to the house of an officer of a brigade rank of the brigade 310. The attack caused partial damage to 27 nearby houses.

He added, "The Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the incident, and after the joint team had seen all the documents, including the procedures and rules of engagement, the air mission inventory table and the evidence assessment, the Joint Team found that based on intelligence information about a building in Sabain neighborhood of Sana'a, it was the headquarters of one of the Houthi leaders who planned for rocket attacks on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which represents a legitimate military target, whose destruction is a military advantage. Consequently, On Tuesday, 9/12/1436 H. corresponding to 22/9/2015 G, the coalition air force targeted the building in question and due to a technical fault of the systems of the plane, the bomb deviated from the target and landed by mistake on a home. Another house adjacent to it was also affected. They were 85 meters away from the target to be bombed, resulting in material damage.

In light of this, the Joint Accident Assessment Team verified the soundness of the coalition forces' procedures in targeting the aforementioned headquarters in accordance with international humanitarian law and customary rules and that what happened was the result of a technical defect of the aircraft systems. The Joint Team believes that the Coalition Forces should provide appropriate humanitarian assistance for the unintended error.



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